Development of innovative catalytic device for marine applications

Host Organisation: YC Cypriot Catalysts Ltd
Partner Organisation(s): PA1: Intelship Ltd PA2: NV Engineering Along Science Ltd
Project Budget: 640.200, 00 €
IDEK Funding: 497.370,00 €

Sulphur Oxides (SOx), remarkably Sulphur Dioxides (SO2), are emitted when fuels containing sulphur are combusted . SO2 emissions are of concern because of their potential harmful effects to human health and the environment. While European land based SO2 emissions have been reduced significantly since the 1990’s, emissions from international shipping in European waters have been increasing slowly despite maximum fuel sulphur levels being limited to 4.5% in 2008 and 3.5%S since 2012. In addition the IMO regulation states that for ships operating outside designated Emission Control Areas (ECAs), has set a limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships of 0.50% m/m from 1 January 2020. The most well known solution today for this problem is the application of exhaust gas cleaning systems, also known as “scrubbers”. However, It should be noted that the scrubber solution creates pollution in the sea and ocean according to research presented in “The Guardian”as well as has a very high price. In CATMAR project is proposed a method of catalytically converting SO2 into engine gases to elemental sulfur utilizing carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides in engine gases using catalytic converters similar to those used in automobiles. This can be achieved by using catalytic converters to catalyze the reactions of SO2 with CO, CH4 ,NO to produce elemental sulfur in liquid form in the temperature range of 200 C to 700 C. For the specific procedure a device will be developed for converting SO2 to elemental sulfur in the waste stream using the above method. The procedure involves placing the above device in the engine exhaust stream at an appropriate temperature in line with the microparticle filter to effectively treat all toxic gaseous pollutants. During the project an application on a real engine will take place which will also act as a demonstration event for witnessing in ship owners and marine companies. YS Catalysts company aims to provide this system into the market at the end of the project.